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URINE SCREENING TEST FOR CANCER

Based on assay of Human Chorion Gonadotrophic Hormone.

In Country Laboratory

The test gives results that can predict the risk of coming down with cancer two years ahead. The urine sample is collected, processed and sent to an international outside Laboratory.

What is HCG ?

Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is a hormone well-known for initiating a pregnancy. Its main function is to support the development of a newly fertilized egg. It increases progesterone and helps grow blood vessels in the uterus, which provides a blood supply and nourishment to the growing foetus

The fact that testing HCG levels can help detect certain kinds of cancer – including ovarian cancer in women and testicular cancer in men – is not as well-known. 5 different types of HCG exist and they all work together, but each has a unique structure and function.

The cells in your body naturally go through a process called apoptosis, whereby certain old or damaged cells die off; this process is essential to maintain good health. Some forms of HCG can block apoptosis, leading to rapid cellular growth. Blocking apoptosis serves an important function in pregnant women: it promotes the development and growth of the embryo and placenta.

However, high HCG levels outside of pregnancy can stimulate the growth of cancers that affect the uterus, placenta, and testicles. On top of that, some cancer cells themselves can release β-hCG, which can further accelerate cancer growth. About 10-30% of most cancer patients (like those with lung, breast, or prostate cancer) have elevated levels of HCG. However, HCG tests are most useful for diagnosing ovarian and testicular cancer, which almost always cause high HCG levels.

Ovarian and testicular cancer can dramatically increase HCG levels. Other cancer types, such as breast and lung cancer, may also increase HCG blood levels. High HCG levels further feed the growth of tumors and the blood vessels that feed them.